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November 24, 2017
BIO FUEL
Cleaning Okinawan pig farm wastewater with microbial fuel cells



Onna, Japan (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
One of the greatest threats to the environment today is wastewater left over from production activities. Agricultural practices, such as pig farming, produce a large amount of wastewater containing organic contaminants, malodorous gases, and other substances that are damaging to the water supply. Usual methods of treating and recycling such wastewater include aeration, applying it as fertilizer to other farming areas or confining it to specialized ponds and wetlands to undergo natural cleansing processe ... read more

BIO FUEL
The water world of ancient photosynthetic organisms
St. Louis MI (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have traced the paths of three water channels in an ancient photosynthetic organism to provide the first comprehensive, experimental study of how th ... more
BIO FUEL
Coffee set to power London buses in green initiative
London (AFP) Nov 20, 2017
London's caffeine habit could soon provide an eco-friendly energy kick to its buses, including its iconic red double decker. ... more
BIO FUEL
Desert solar to fuel centuries of air travel
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Scientists with the SOLAR-JET Project have demonstrated the first-ever entire process to make kerosene, the jet fuel used by commercial airlines, using a high-temperature thermal solar reactor to cr ... more
BIO FUEL
Sandia speeds transformation of biofuel waste into wealth
Livermore CA (SPX) Nov 13, 2017
A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated faster, more efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals worth billions. The team's findings could help transform the econom ... more
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DSI 4th Space Resiliency Summit November 28-29, 2017 Alexandria, VA
The Humans to Mars Summit 2018 - George Washington University - Washington May 8-10, 2018
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International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
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BIO FUEL
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
Berkeley CA (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial ... more
BIO FUEL
Study identifies additional hurdle to widespread planting of bioenergy crops
Indianapolis IN (SPX) Nov 06, 2017
A study examining how certain decisions impact what farmers plant and harvest identified one crucial factor that researchers believe needs to be added to the list of decision variables when consider ... more
BIO FUEL
Penn researchers mimic giant clams to enhance the production of biofuel
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Nov 06, 2017
Alison Sweeney of the University of Pennsylvania has been studying giant clams since she was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Santa Barbara. These large mollusks, which anchor ... more
BIO FUEL
Research aims to help renewable jet fuel take flight
Newark DE (SPX) Nov 01, 2017
Airplanes zoom overhead, wispy-white contrails streaming behind them. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) handled 43,684 flights, on average, every day last year, and U.S. military and commerc ... more
BIO FUEL
Stiff fibers spun from slime
Munich, Germany (SPX) Oct 19, 2017
Some animals produce amazing materials. Spider silk, for example, is stronger than steel. Mussels secrete byssus threads, which they use to cling tightly to stones under water. The material secreted ... more
BIO FUEL
Expanding Brazilian sugarcane could dent global CO2 emissions
Champaign IL (SPX) Oct 25, 2017
Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 5.6 percent, researchers report in the journal Nature Cli ... more


Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity

BIO FUEL
Separating methane and CO2 will become more efficient
Leuven, Belgium (SPX) Oct 20, 2017
To make natural gas and biogas suitable for use, the methane has to be separated from the CO2. This involves the use of membranes: filters that stop the methane and let the CO2 pass through. Researc ... more
BIO FUEL
Breaking down stubborn cellulose
Styria, Austria (SPX) Oct 16, 2017
Biofuels obtained from biomass are becoming increasingly important. Apart from biomethane, however, they cannot be produced efficiently, cheaply and sustainably since the current technological compl ... more
BIO FUEL
Breakthrough in direct activation of CO2 and CH4 into liquid fuels and chemicals
Liverpool UK (SPX) Oct 09, 2017
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have made a significant breakthrough in the direct conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) into liquid fuels and chemicals which could help ... more
BIO FUEL
A key step in synthetic fuel production from seawater patented by NRL
Washington DC (SPX) Oct 09, 2017
The world's oceans cover approximately 70 percent of Earth's surface and contain roughly 93 percent of the planet's carbon dioxide (CO2). With around 38,000 gigatons (Gt) of carbon, our world's ocea ... more



Glass microparticles enhance solar cells efficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russia (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Scientists from ITMO University suggested a new solar cell coating that combines features of an electrode and those of a light-trapping structure. The coating enabled researchers to cut down on reflected light and avoid solar cell overheating, thus increasing its overall efficiency by 20%. Moreover, the suggested method may be attractive for industrial applications due to its relatively lo ... more
Fukuoka, Japan (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Expanding wavelength range for solar energy conversion
Toronto, Canada (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Artificial photosynthesis gets big boost from new catalyst
Guelph, Canada (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Recurrent Energy secures debt financing for 20 MW California solar project
OPEC anticipation gives oil bulls a chance to run
Washington (UPI) Nov 22, 2017
Weak British economic growth wasn't enough to offset short-term pipeline issues in North America or OPEC rumors that lifted oil prices higher on Wednesday. The British Office for Budget Responsibility said the economy slowed this year as higher inflation put a lid on personal incomes and spending. As a result, and in combination with headwinds from the British exit from the European Uni ... more
Washington (UPI) Nov 22, 2017
British energy lauded for momentum as economy falters
Washington (UPI) Nov 22, 2017
Russia's budget deficit indicative of growth
Washington (UPI) Nov 22, 2017
Ukraine says chief goal is to be energy independent
Spain, Portugal struggle with extreme drought
Madrid (AFP) Nov 21, 2017
Spain and Portugal are grappling with a devastating drought which has left rivers nearly dry, sparked deadly wildfires and devastated crops - and experts warn that prolonged dry spells will become more frequent. Nearly all of Portugal has suffered extreme drought conditions during the last six months, which has not happened since 2005. A majority of Spain has also received considerably less ... more
Madrid (AFP) Nov 21, 2017
Spain, Portugal struggle with extreme drought
Washington (UPI) Nov 21, 2017
Climate change encouraged 19th century migration to America
Dallas TX (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Study settles prehistoric climate puzzle
A new way to store thermal energy
Boston MA (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
In large parts of the developing world, people have abundant heat from the sun during the day, but most cooking takes place later in the evening when the sun is down, using fuel - such as wood, brush or dung - that is collected with significant time and effort. Now, a new chemical composite developed by researchers at MIT could provide an alternative. It could be used to store heat from th ... more
Julich, Germany (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
Renaissance of the iron-air battery
Sapporo, Japan (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
Reusing waste energy with 2-D electron gas
Boston MA (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Study helps make microgrids a more reliable power source
Surrey develops new 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane
Surrey UK (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
The University of Surrey has developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change - carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). In a study published by the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, scientists have described how they created an advanced nickel-based catalyst strengthened with tin and ceria, and used it to transform CO2 and CH4 into a syn ... more
St. Louis MI (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
The water world of ancient photosynthetic organisms
London (AFP) Nov 20, 2017
Coffee set to power London buses in green initiative
Onna, Japan (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Cleaning Okinawan pig farm wastewater with microbial fuel cells
Driverless, electric future just round the corner for urban cars
London (AFP) Nov 23, 2017
A driverless, electric car is only a swipe away in the cities of the future, where pollution clampdowns and rapid advances in technology will transform the way we travel, despite lagging infrastructure. As more and more countries announce a phasing-out of pure petrol and diesel cars, early versions of tomorrow's models are already on the streets: hybrid cars, fully electric motors and vehicl ... more
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
Hydrogen cars for the masses one step closer to reality
Paris (AFP) Nov 23, 2017
'Robo-taxis' hold promise, and perils, for automakers
New York (AFP) Nov 21, 2017
Free wheelin' in New York: the Big Apple bike boom
DSI 4th Space Resiliency Summit November 28-29, 2017 Alexandria, VA
Intercropping formula promises food security in Sahel Africa
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Two crops or one? Sometimes, growing two crops simultaneously on the same piece of land - called intercropping - can benefit farmers. But it needs careful planning and resource management. In some parts of Africa, farmers intercrop sorghum - a grain - and peanuts. But they face a major information gap. There hasn't been much research on optimal levels of fertilizer use for intercropping so ... more
Alpalhao, Portugal (AFP) Nov 21, 2017
Portuguese cattle farmers desperately wait for rain
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Urbanization may have a positive effect on the soils
Nottingham UK (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Crunch time for food security
Booming life for 'PUBG' death-match computer game
Oakland, United States (AFP) Nov 22, 2017
Scores of virtual warriors faced off in a Hunger Games-style death match in a massive, real-world eSports matchup of upstart shooter game "PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds." The computer game's rise has been epic, with some industry trackers branding this the year of 'PUBG' even though it is technically still in trial mode with a final version yet to be released. In a colossal two-day event ... more
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Metal membranes in construction: From Russia with love
Hong Kong (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Innovative and ideal liquid-repellent surfaces developed by HKU scientists
Champaign IL (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
New spin on old technique to engineer better absorptive materials
Three-dimensional nanomagnets for the computer of tomorrow
Madrid, Spain (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Since the late 60's electronic devices have stored and transmitted information (bits) in two-dimensional circuits. Now, researchers at the University of Cambridge have been able to break this barrier by creating a nanoscale magnetic circuit capable of moving information along the three dimensions of space. This breakthrough could lead to an important increase in storage and processing capacities ... more
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Scientists create a prototype neural network based on memristors
Atlanta GA (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Transfer technique produces wearable gallium nitride gas sensors
Moscow (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Physicists mix waves on superconducting qubits
Improving sensor accuracy to prevent electrical grid overload
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 08, 2017
Electrical physicists from Czech Technical University have provided additional evidence that new current sensors introduce errors when assessing current through iron conductors. It's crucial to correct this flaw in the new sensors so that operators of the electrical grid can correctly respond to threats to the system. The researchers show how a difference in a conductor's magnetic permeabi ... more
Washington (UPI) Oct 23, 2017
Japan faces challenges in cutting CO2, Moody's finds
Washington (UPI) Oct 19, 2017
IEA: An electrified world would cost $31B per year to achieve
Washington (UPI) Oct 1, 2017
'Fuel-secure' steps in Washington counterintuitive, green group says
International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
Evaluation of novel hybrid membranes for carbon capture
Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture remains a priority in many countries as the world seeks to address climate change. In particular, the most recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows that geological storage of carbon dioxide is required for all scenarios that can meet 430 - 550 ppm CO2 atmospheric concentrations (Working Group III, IPCC 5th Assessment Report, 2014). ... more
Washington (UPI) Nov 14, 2017
New graphene filter turns whiskey clear
Los Alamos NM (SPX) Nov 08, 2017
First-ever US experiments at new X-ray facility may lead to better explosive modeling
Brussels (AFP) Nov 9, 2017
EU agrees to reform world's largest carbon market
NASA's TSIS-1 keeps an eye on Sun's power over ozone
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
High in the atmosphere, above weather systems, is a layer of ozone gas. Ozone is Earth's natural sunscreen, absorbing the Sun's most harmful ultraviolet radiation and protecting living things below. But ozone is vulnerable to certain gases made by humans that reach the upper atmosphere. Once there, they react in the presence of sunlight to destroy ozone molecules. Currently, several NASA a ... more
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 22, 2017
NASA Links Port-City Sea Levels to Regional Ice Melt
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Satellite Imagery Aids Rescue Efforts for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria
Paris (ESA) Nov 23, 2017
Forty years of Meteosat
Manganese dioxide shows potential in micromotors
Joensuu, Finland (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Manganese dioxide could make the preparation of micromotors increasingly cost-effective, opening up new avenues for their use, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. Synthetic micromotors are tiny particles with dimensions less than the diameter of a human hair. Micromotors can undergo an autonomous motion in liquid environments, which can be driven by various mea ... more
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Promising sensors for submarines, mines and spacecraft
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
Better, bolder printing with silicon nanostructures
Beijing, China (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
Practical superconducting nanowire single photon detector highly efficient
Drone Race: Human Versus Artificial Intelligence
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 23, 2017
Drone racing is a high-speed sport demanding instinctive reflexes - but humans won't be the only competitors for long. Researchers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, put their work to the test recently. Timing laps through a twisting obstacle course, they raced drones controlled by artificial intelligence (A.I.) against a professional human pilot. The race, ... more
Washington (AFP) Nov 17, 2017
Pentagon steps up Somalia drone strikes
Dubai UAE (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Lockheed Martin Integrates New Engine for Fury Unmanned Air Vehicle
Madrid, Spain (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Alpha Unmanned Systems teams with Sightec for image stabilization and object tracking.
Daily Newsletters - Space - Military - Environment - Energy
Global light pollution increasing at a rate of two percent per year
Tucson AZ (SPX) Nov 23, 2017
Five years of advanced satellite images show that there is more artificial light at night across the globe, and that light at night is getting brighter. The rate of growth is approximately two percent each year in both the amount of areas lit and the radiance of the light. An international team of scientists on Wednesday reported the results of a landmark study of global light pollution an ... more
Miami (AFP) Nov 22, 2017
Energy-saving LEDs boost light pollution worldwide
Washington (UPI) Nov 20, 2017
Oil droplets from frying pan can cause indoor air pollution
New Delhi (AFP) Nov 19, 2017
'My eyes are burning': Delhi half marathon goes ahead despite smog
Calls mount for action on 'killer robots' after UN talks
Geneva (AFP) Nov 17, 2017
"Robots are not taking over the world", the diplomat leading the first official talks on autonomous weapons assured Friday, seeking to ease criticism over slow progress towards restricting the use of so-called "killer robots". The United Nations was wrapping up an initial five days of discussions on weapons systems that can identify and destroy targets without human control, which experts s ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
New Challenges Await Competitors in NASA's 25th Annual Human Exploration Rover Challenge
San Diego CA (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Speedy collision detector could make robots better human assistants
Waterloo, Canada (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
New technology makes artificial intelligence more private and portable
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