by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 15, 2012
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's (ACS') award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series describes the world's first "electrified snail," which now joins the menagerie of cockroaches, rats, rabbits and other animals previously implanted with biofuel cells that generate electricity - perhaps for future spy cameras, eavesdropping microphones and other electronics - from natural sugar in their bodies.
Based on a report by Evgeny Katz, Ph.D., and colleagues in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, the new podcast is available without charge at iTunes and from www.acs.org/globalchallenges.
In the report, Katz and colleagues point out that many previous studies have involved "potentially implantable" biofuel cells.
So far, however, none has produced an implanted biofuel cell in a small, live animal that could generate electricity for an extended period of time without harming the animal.
"The snail with the implanted biofuel cell will be able to operate in a natural environment, producing sustainable electrical micropower for activating various bioelectronic devices," say the scientists.
To turn a living snail into a power source, the researchers made two small holes in its shell and inserted high-tech electrodes made from compressed carbon nanotubes. They coated the highly conductive material with enzymes, which foster chemical reactions in animals' bodies.
Using a different enzyme on each electrode, one pulling electrons from glucose and another using those electrons to turn oxygen molecules into water, they induced an electric current.
Importantly, the long-lasting enzymes could generate electricity again and again after the scientists fed and rested what they termed the "electrified" snail, which lived freely for several months with the implanted fuel cell.
American Chemical Society
Bio Fuel Technology and Application News
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Shell scraps biofuels plan over Brazil native land
Rio De Janeiro (AFP) June 13, 2012
A Shell subsidiary that makes biodiesel in Brazil has dropped controversial plans to buy sugar cane grown on land taken from indigenous people, Survival International said Wednesday. The company, Raizen, was set up in 2010 by Shell and Brazil's biofuels giant Cosan to make biofuel from sugar cane - an endeavor that had been criticized by indigenous groups who say their ancestral lands have ... read more
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