Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
  Energy News  




Subscribe free to our newsletters via your




















BIO FUEL
Open-source plant database confirms top US bioenergy crop
by Staff Writers
Urbana IL (SPX) Jan 10, 2017


Miscanthus plots (left and right) tower over kitty-corner plots of switchgrass (top and bottom) at the University of Illinois Energy Farm. A new study used a bioenergy database to confirm that Miscanthus yields two times more than switchgrass. Image courtesy L. Brian Stauffer, University of Illinois. For a larger version of this image please go here.

Scientists have confirmed that Miscanthus, long speculated to be the top biofuel producer, yields more than twice as much as switchgrass in the U.S. using an open-source bioenergy crop database gaining traction in plant science, climate change, and ecology research.

"To understand yield trends and variation across the country for our major food crops, extensive databases are available - notably those provided by the USDA Statistical Service," said lead author Stephen Long, Gutgsell Endowed Professor of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois. "But there was nowhere to go if you wanted to know about biomass crops, particularly those that have no food value such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, willow trees, etc."

To fill this gap, researchers at the Energy Biosciences Institute at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology created BETYdb, an open-source repository for physiological and yield data that facilitates bioenergy research. The goal of this database is not only to store the data but to make the data widely available and usable.

"In addition to providing an easy-to-use, web-based interface, the database supports automated data collection and big data analysis," said first author David LeBauer, a research scientist at Illinois.

"Today the BETYdb database contains more than 40,000 open-access records. By making all of this data open access, we hope that researchers can identify new plants and best practices for biomass production. We've been using these data not only to summarize what has been observed in field trials, but also to identify new crops and predict productivity in new environments."

To demonstrate the database's value, researchers used BETYdb to definitively establish that Miscanthus is 2.4 times more productive than Switchgrass in the U.S. under a wide range of environmental and management conditions (e.g. fertilization rates, stand ages, planting densities), as reported in Global Change Biology Bioenergy.

"More than a decade of studies suggested that regardless of temperature, water or nitrogen Miscanthus, then grown only in Europe, would out yield the North American favorite switchgrass by more than two-fold," Long said.

"This was based on limited data and did not take into account the breeding improvements in switchgrass that were occurring. Now that Miscanthus is grown in North America along with many improved cultivars of switchgrass we wondered: does the remarkable two-fold difference in yield still hold? And it does."

The paper "BETYdb: A Yield, Trait and Ecosystem Service Database Applied to Second Generation Bioenergy Feedstock Production" is published by Global Change Biology (DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12420).


Comment on this article using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

.


Related Links
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Bio Fuel Technology and Application News






Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Previous Report
BIO FUEL
Potential biofuel crops in Hawaii may successfully sequester carbon in soil
Honolulu HI (SPX) Jan 06, 2017
Two potential biofuel crops in Hawaii--sugarcane and napiergrass--may sequester more carbon in soil than is lost to the atmosphere, according to a study published January 4, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Meghan Pawlowski from University of Hawaii Manoa, U.S., and colleagues. From a climate change perspective, replacing fossil fuel with biofuel makes sense only if the latter h ... read more


BIO FUEL
An ordered route to improved performance of solar cells

U.S. offshore regulator joins solar power trade group

Off-grid power in remote areas will require special business model to succeed

Vortex to acquire a 365 MW solar energy portfolio in UK

BIO FUEL
Asian dynamics give oil prices some support

Putin's spokesman expects tough, but listening, Tillerson

After $900 million sale, Tullow primed for growth

Oil, Trump, leave Mexico in dire economic straits

BIO FUEL
New York sets bar high for offshore wind

The answer is blowing in the wind

French power group aims to double wind capacity

New rules for micro-grids in Alberta

BIO FUEL
Scientists discover a molecular motor has a 'gear' for directional switching

Rolling out an e-sticker revolution

Tenfold jump in green tech needed to meet global emissions targets

Tesla starts mass production of batteries

BIO FUEL
France sells off Engie stake to finance Areva rescue

EU clears French rescue of troubled nuclear firm Areva

UK asks regulators to assess Chinese nuclear reactor

Controversial nuclear power plant near New York to close

BIO FUEL
New technology will cut plug-in hybrid fuel consumption by one third

VW directors knew of emissions scandal earlier: press

NAVYA Self-driving shuttle goes to work in Las Vegas

Cadillac keeps plan to sell Chinese-made cars in US

BIO FUEL
How we shop hurts endangered species

A trip to the land of endangered ancient olive trees

Chickens are smarter and more complex than given credit for

Zambia drafts in air force to combat pests

BIO FUEL
New active filaments mimic biology to transport nano-cargo

Manufacturing platform makes intricate biocompatible micromachines

Rice U probes ways to turn cement's weakness to strength

Au naturel catalyst mimics nature to break tenacious carbon-hydrogen bond




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News








The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement