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December 01, 2017
BIO FUEL
Brazilian ethanol can replace 13 percent of global crude oil consumption



Sao Paulo, Brazil (SPX) Nov 29, 2017
Expansion of sugarcane cultivation in Brazil for ethanol production in areas not under environmental protection or reserved for food production could potentially replace up to 13.7% of world crude oil consumption and reduce global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by as much as 5.6% by 2045. These estimates come from an international study with Brazilian participation, whose results were published on October 2017 in the journal Nature Climate Change. The study set out to investigate how the ... read more

BIO FUEL
Cleaning Okinawan pig farm wastewater with microbial fuel cells
Onna, Japan (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
One of the greatest threats to the environment today is wastewater left over from production activities. Agricultural practices, such as pig farming, produce a large amount of wastewater containing ... more
BIO FUEL
The water world of ancient photosynthetic organisms
St. Louis MI (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have traced the paths of three water channels in an ancient photosynthetic organism to provide the first comprehensive, experimental study of how th ... more
BIO FUEL
Surrey develops new 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane
Surrey UK (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
The University of Surrey has developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change - carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). In a study published ... more
BIO FUEL
Coffee set to power London buses in green initiative
London (AFP) Nov 20, 2017
London's caffeine habit could soon provide an eco-friendly energy kick to its buses, including its iconic red double decker. ... more
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BIO FUEL
Desert solar to fuel centuries of air travel
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Scientists with the SOLAR-JET Project have demonstrated the first-ever entire process to make kerosene, the jet fuel used by commercial airlines, using a high-temperature thermal solar reactor to cr ... more
BIO FUEL
Sandia speeds transformation of biofuel waste into wealth
Livermore CA (SPX) Nov 13, 2017
A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated faster, more efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals worth billions. The team's findings could help transform the econom ... more
BIO FUEL
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
Berkeley CA (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial ... more
BIO FUEL
Study identifies additional hurdle to widespread planting of bioenergy crops
Indianapolis IN (SPX) Nov 06, 2017
A study examining how certain decisions impact what farmers plant and harvest identified one crucial factor that researchers believe needs to be added to the list of decision variables when consider ... more
BIO FUEL
Penn researchers mimic giant clams to enhance the production of biofuel
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Nov 06, 2017
Alison Sweeney of the University of Pennsylvania has been studying giant clams since she was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Santa Barbara. These large mollusks, which anchor ... more
BIO FUEL
Research aims to help renewable jet fuel take flight
Newark DE (SPX) Nov 01, 2017
Airplanes zoom overhead, wispy-white contrails streaming behind them. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) handled 43,684 flights, on average, every day last year, and U.S. military and commerc ... more


Stiff fibers spun from slime

BIO FUEL
Expanding Brazilian sugarcane could dent global CO2 emissions
Champaign IL (SPX) Oct 25, 2017
Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 5.6 percent, researchers report in the journal Nature Cli ... more
BIO FUEL
Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity
Chicago IL (SPX) Oct 16, 2017
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have determined how electrocatalysts can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water ... more
BIO FUEL
Separating methane and CO2 will become more efficient
Leuven, Belgium (SPX) Oct 20, 2017
To make natural gas and biogas suitable for use, the methane has to be separated from the CO2. This involves the use of membranes: filters that stop the methane and let the CO2 pass through. Researc ... more
BIO FUEL
Breaking down stubborn cellulose
Styria, Austria (SPX) Oct 16, 2017
Biofuels obtained from biomass are becoming increasingly important. Apart from biomethane, however, they cannot be produced efficiently, cheaply and sustainably since the current technological compl ... more



Burkina, France launch W.Africa's biggest solar plant
Zagtouli, Burkina Faso (AFP) Nov 29, 2017
Burkina Faso and France on Wednesday launched West Africa's biggest solar farm, a 33-megawatt facility designed to power tens of thousands of households and ease dependence on imported energy. The 55-hectare (135-acre) outside the Burkinabe capital Ouagadougou, has an annual capacity equivalent to five percent of national production, according to the national power firm SONABEL. Its 47.5 ... more
San Diego CA (SPX) Nov 28, 2017
Improving solar cells by watching atoms move in hybrid perovskite crystals
Toronto, Canada (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Artificial photosynthesis gets big boost from new catalyst
Saint Petersburg, Russia (SPX) Nov 21, 2017
Glass microparticles enhance solar cells efficiency
Half of hydraulically fractured wells within 3km of domestic groundwater systems
Santa Barbara CA (SPX) Nov 28, 2017
How safe is the water you drink? For the 45 million Americans who get their drinking water from private groundwater wells rather than a public utility, the answer is decidedly murky. The Environmental Protection Agency regulations that protect public drinking water systems don't apply to privately owned wells, leaving owners responsible for ensuring their water is safe from contaminants. I ... more
Washington (AFP) Nov 30, 2017
Libyan PM asks for easing of arms embargo
Washington (UPI) Nov 30, 2017
U.S. set to be net gas exporter for second year in a row
Washington (UPI) Nov 30, 2017
Norway sells foreign currencies in petroleum-related move
German judges agree to hear Peruvian's climate case against RWE
Berlin (AFP) Nov 30, 2017
A German court ruled Thursday that it would hear a Peruvian farmer's case against energy giant RWE over climate change damage in the Andes, a decision labelled by campaigners as a "historic breakthrough". Farmer Saul Luciano Lliuya's case against RWE was "well founded," the court in the northwestern city of Hamm said in a statement. Lliuya argues that RWE, as one of the world's top emitt ... more
Washington (UPI) Nov 29, 2017
Europe backing climate ambitions with capital
Washington (UPI) Nov 27, 2017
Canada to explore trade, climate change fight, with China
Sale, Morocco (AFP) Nov 24, 2017
Moroccans pray for rain as 'mercy from God'
New computational method provides optimized design of wind up toys
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
A team of leading computer scientists has developed a novel computational system to aid the design and fabrication of wind-up toys, focusing on automating the intricate interior machinery responsible for the toys' wind-up motion. The new computational system includes analytic modeling of a wide variety of elemental mechanisms found in common wide-up toys, including their geometry and kinem ... more
Washington (UPI) Nov 28, 2017
Statoil: Batteries can address wind power variability
Sydney (AFP) Nov 23, 2017
Musk beats deadline for building world's biggest battery
Adelaide, Australia (AFP) Dec 1, 2017
Musk's record-breaking battery officially launches in Australia
Convert methane to hydrogen without forming carbon dioxide at low-cost
Santa Barbara CA (SPX) Nov 28, 2017
As we work to toward more sustainable ways of powering our lifestyles, there is a quest to bridge the gap between the carbon dioxide-emitting fossil fuels we rely on for our most basic needs, and the cleaner, but not yet economically feasible alternative technologies. To that end, a group at UC Santa Barbara has explored methods by which currently cheap and abundant methane (CH4) can be re ... more
Onna, Japan (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Cleaning Okinawan pig farm wastewater with microbial fuel cells
Sao Paulo, Brazil (SPX) Nov 29, 2017
Brazilian ethanol can replace 13 percent of global crude oil consumption
St. Louis MI (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
The water world of ancient photosynthetic organisms
Norway puts brakes on plans for 'Tesla tax'
Oslo (AFP) Nov 23, 2017
Norway, a world leader of zero-emission vehicles, has abandoned plans for a proposed "Tesla tax", a controversial measure that would have cut a tax rebate granted to heavy electric cars. Plans for the tax, which was to have entered into force in 2018, were halted after a budget compromise was reached between the right-wing government and its centre-right allies, which they presented on Wedne ... more
Washington (AFP) Nov 28, 2017
SoftBank offer for Uber shares to cut valuation: reports
Shanghai (AFP) Dec 1, 2017
Traffic-weary Chinese man fined for repainting road lines
London (AFP) Nov 23, 2017
Driverless, electric future just round the corner for urban cars
The Last Free American Board Game
Istanbul anglers keep up tradition despite stocks alarm
Istanbul (AFP) Nov 29, 2017
After half a century of fishing, 65-year-old Fuat, a retired Turkish civil servant, is nostalgic for the good old days when the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul teemed with fish. Wearing a black woolly hat, Fuat is one of hundreds of amateur anglers passing their spare time on the Galata Bridge on the European side of Istanbul, trying to fill their buckets. "I've been fishing since I was 15 ... more
Davis CA (SPX) Nov 28, 2017
Gene discovery may halt worldwide wheat epidemic
Davis CA (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Genome of wheat ancestor sequenced
East Lansing (SPX) Nov 29, 2017
Fighting plant disease at warm temperatures keeps food on the table
Quantum optics allows us to abandon expensive lasers in spectroscopy
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 29, 2017
An international research group together with scientists from the MSU have developed a time-resolved spectroscopy method that allows studying fast processes in samples. The new method works by analyzing quantized light transmitted through a sample, without the use of femtosecond lasers and complex detection systems. This design is much cheaper than the one used currently and, moreover, allows yo ... more
Bielefeld, Germany (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
Spin current from heat: New material increases efficiency
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
New catalyst controls activation of a carbon-hydrogen bond
Houston TX (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Math gets real in strong, lightweight structures
Quantum simulators wield control over more than 50 qubits, setting new record
College Park MD (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Two independent teams of scientists, including one from the University of Maryland (UMD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), have used more than 50 interacting atomic qubits to mimic magnetic quantum matter, blowing past the complexity of previous demonstrations. The results appear in this week's issue of Nature. As the basis for its quantum simulation, the UMD-N ... more
Lemont, IL (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
Argonne to install Comanche system to explore ARM technology for HPC
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
Strain-free epitaxy of germanium film on mica
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Microwave-based test method can help keep 3-D chip designers' eyes open
Improving sensor accuracy to prevent electrical grid overload
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 08, 2017
Electrical physicists from Czech Technical University have provided additional evidence that new current sensors introduce errors when assessing current through iron conductors. It's crucial to correct this flaw in the new sensors so that operators of the electrical grid can correctly respond to threats to the system. The researchers show how a difference in a conductor's magnetic permeabi ... more
Washington (UPI) Oct 23, 2017
Japan faces challenges in cutting CO2, Moody's finds
Washington (UPI) Oct 19, 2017
IEA: An electrified world would cost $31B per year to achieve
Washington (UPI) Oct 1, 2017
'Fuel-secure' steps in Washington counterintuitive, green group says
International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
Graphene oxide making any material suitable to create biosensors
Tomsk, Russia (SPX) Nov 28, 2017
TPU scientist Raul Rodrigez and his colleagues from Lithuania and Germany were the first in the world to suggest how with the help of graphene oxide, in fact ordinary graphene as in pencils, but oxidized to make the surface of any material suitable for immobilization of living cells. Devices with such coatings will make it possible to detect and study individual living cells, including dan ... more
Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Evaluation of novel hybrid membranes for carbon capture
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Ultrathin and flat graphene metalenses gain morace properties
Hong Kong (AFP) Nov 28, 2017
Pink diamond sells for over $32 mn in Hong Kong
Haze pollution affects satellite cloud detection
Beijing, China (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
It is very important to observe and study cloud properties because clouds play an important role in weather, climate, and the Earth's energy balance. Satellite remote sensing is commonly used to obtain a variety of cloud properties. Haze pollution can reduce human's vision, but will it also affect the accuracy of satellite cloud detection? In a paper published in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sc ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
OGC seeks public comment on CDB Multi-spectral Imagery Extension
Paris (ESA) Nov 29, 2017
Forty years of Meteosat
Beijing (XNA) Nov 27, 2017
China launches remote sensing satellites in multiple launches
Physicists explain metallic conductivity of thin carbon nanotube films
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
An international team of researchers from MIPT; Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS; Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS; Skoltech; and Aalto University (Finland) has examined the optical and dielectric properties of thin macroscopic films based on single-walled carbon nanotubes and obtained an explanation for the metallic nature of their conductivity using infrared and terahertz spectroscopy. ... more
Karlsruher, Germany (SPX) ov 27, 2017
Ceria nanoparticles: It is the surface that matters
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 27, 2017
Semiconducting carbon nanotubes can reduce noise in interconnects
Joensuu, Finland (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Manganese dioxide shows potential in micromotors
Crossing drones with satellites: ESA eyes high-altitude aerial platforms
Paris (ESA) Nov 29, 2017
ESA is considering extending its activities to a new region of the sky via a novel type of aerial vehicle, a 'missing link' between drones and satellites. High Altitude Pseudo-Satellites, or HAPS, are platforms that float or fly at high altitude like conventional aircraft but operate more like satellites - except that rather than working from space they can remain in position inside the at ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Drone photos offer faster, cheaper data on key Antarctic species
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 23, 2017
Drone Race: Human Versus Artificial Intelligence
Washington (AFP) Nov 17, 2017
Pentagon steps up Somalia drone strikes
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99 percent of ocean microplastics could be identified with dye
Warwick UK (SPX) Nov 29, 2017
The smallest microplastics in our oceans - which go largely undetected and are potentially harmful - could be more effectively identified using an innovative and inexpensive new method, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick. New research, led by Gabriel Erni-Cassola and Dr. Joseph A. Christie-Oleza from Warwick's School of Life Sciences, has established a pioneering way to ... more
Hanoi (AFP) Nov 27, 2017
Vietnam jails activist for 7 years over toxic leak protests
Tabarja, Lebanon (AFP) Nov 26, 2017
Clean-up dives, recycling: Lebanese respond to garbage crisis
Omoa, Honduras (AFP) Nov 24, 2017
'Trash islands' off Central America indicate ocean pollution problem
With 'material robotics,' intelligent products won't even look like robots
Corvallis OR (SPX) Nov 30, 2017
Robots as inconspicuous as they are ubiquitous represent the vision of researchers in the new and burgeoning field of material robotics. In an invited perspective paper published in Science Robotics, Oregon State University researcher Yi?it Menguc and three co-authors argue against looking at robotics as a "dichotomy of brain versus body." Menguc and collaborators from the University ... more
Washington (AFP) Nov 30, 2017
Amazon brings Alexa from the home to the office in a new AI push
San Francisco (AFP) Nov 27, 2017
Facebook trains artificial intelligence to spot suicidal signs
San Diego CA (SPX) Nov 22, 2017
Speedy collision detector could make robots better human assistants
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