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24/7 Africa News Coverage
September 11, 2017
BIO FUEL
Could switchgrass help China's air quality?



Urbana IL (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Researchers from the United States and China have proposed an idea that could improve China's air quality, but they're not atmospheric scientists. They're agronomists. "China's poor air quality is caused by a combination of coal burning and particulates from soil erosion. The Loess Plateau is the major source of erosion in China, and air quality there is just terrible. If erosion in the Loess Plateau can be improved, air quality will improve," says D.K. Lee, an agronomist in the Department of Crop ... read more

BIO FUEL
Center for Biorenewable Chemicals introduces idea for new molecules,
Ames IA (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
With crude oil selling for less than $50 a barrel, there's little economic incentive to develop biorenewable chemicals as only drop-in replacements for petrochemicals. That's a reality that ha ... more
BIO FUEL
Reusable ruthenium-based catalyst could be a game-changer for the biomass industry
Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Known for their outstanding versatility, primary amines (derivatives of ammonia) are industrially important compounds used in the preparation of a wide range of dyes, detergents and medicines. ... more
BIO FUEL
Technique could aid mass production of biodegradable plastic
Lincoln NE (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
Introducing a simple step to the production of plant-derived, biodegradable plastic could improve its properties while overcoming obstacles to manufacturing it commercially, says new research from t ... more
BIO FUEL
Researchers identify cheaper, greener biofuels processing catalyst
Champaign IL (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
Fuels that are produced from nonpetroleum-based biological sources may become greener and more affordable, thanks to research performed at the University of Illinois' Prairie Research Institute that ... more
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Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
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BIO FUEL
How a bacterium can live on methanol
Zurich, Switzerland (SPX) Aug 23, 2017
Many chemists are currently researching how small carbon molecules, such as methane and methanol, can be used to generate larger molecules. The earth is naturally rich in methane, and artificial pro ... more
BIO FUEL
Stretchable biofuel cells extract energy from sweat to power wearable devices
San Diego CA (SPX) Aug 23, 2017
A team of engineers has developed stretchable fuel cells that extract energy from sweat and are capable of powering electronics, such as LEDs and Bluetooth radios. The biofuel cells generate 10 time ... more
BIO FUEL
Cyborg bacteria outperform plants when turning sunlight into useful compounds
New York NY (SPX) Aug 23, 2017
Photosynthesis provides energy for the vast majority of life on Earth. But chlorophyll, the green pigment that plants use to harvest sunlight, is relatively inefficient. To enable humans to capture ... more
BIO FUEL
Potato waste processing may be the road to enhanced food waste conversion
University Park PA (SPX) Aug 21, 2017
With more than two dozen companies in Pennsylvania manufacturing potato chips, it is no wonder that researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences have developed a novel approach to mo ... more
BIO FUEL
Mexico's prickly pear cactus: energy source of the future?
Mexico City (AFP) Aug 17, 2017
The prickly pear cactus is such a powerful symbol in Mexico that they put it smack in the middle of the national flag. ... more
BIO FUEL
Additive selectively converts CO2 to multicarbon fuels
Pasadena CA (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO2). In chemical reactions performed in the lab, a Caltech team has identified a new additive t ... more


Biochar could clear the air in more ways than one

BIO FUEL
New light-activated catalyst grabs CO2 to make ingredients for fuel
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Scientists have developed a light-activated material that can chemically convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide without generating unwanted byproducts. The achievement marks a significant step ... more
BIO FUEL
Algae cultivation technique could advance biofuels
Pullman WA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Washington State University researchers have developed a way to grow algae more efficiently - in days instead of weeks - and make the algae more viable for several industries, including biofuels. ... more
BIO FUEL
Fungi that evolved to eat wood offer new biomass conversion tool
Amherst MA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Twenty years ago, microbiologist Barry Goodell, now a professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and colleagues discovered a unique system that some microorganisms use to digest and recyc ... more
BIO FUEL
How enzymes produce hydrogen
Bochum, Germany (SPX) Jul 24, 2017
Researchers at Ruhr-Universitat Bochum and the Freie Universitat Berlin have clarified the crucial catalytic step in the production of hydrogen by enzymes. The enzymes, called [FeFe]-hydrogenases, e ... more



Defects in next-generation solar cells can be healed with light
Cambridge, UK (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Researchers have shown that defects in the molecular structure of perovskites - a material which could revolutionise the solar cell industry - can be "healed" by exposing it to light and just the right amount of humidity. The international team of researchers demonstrated in 2016 that defects in the crystalline structure of perovskites could be healed by exposing them to light, but the effects w ... more
San Diego CA (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Engineers develop tools to share power from renewable energy sources during outages
Zurich, Switzerland (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
New records for the solar cell of tomorrow
Golden CO (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
NREL, Swiss scientists power past solar efficiency records
DNO gains oil lead in the north of Iraq
Washington (UPI) Sep 8, 2017
The foot is "on the accelerator" for Kurdish oil operations with new assets gained through a deal with Exxon Mobil, Norwegian energy company DNO said. The Norwegian company, which has a core focus on oil basins in the Kurdish north of Iraq, said it assumed the role of operator after acquiring 50 percent of Exxon Mobil's stake in the Baeshiqa reserve area. DNO joins a consortium that inc ... more
Washington (UPI) Sep 8, 2017
TransCanada mulling pipeline options after regulatory review
Washington (UPI) Sep 8, 2017
U.S. part of energy security strategy, Ukraine says
Washington (UPI) Sep 8, 2017
US dollar, not OPEC, driving markets, Russian oil boss says
Periodic table of ecological niches could aid in predicting effects of climate change
Austin TX (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
A group of ecologists has started creating a periodic table of ecological niches similar to chemistry's periodic table. And just as chemists have used their periodic table as a point of reference to understand relationships among elements, the emerging table for ecologists shows relationships over time among animals, plants and their environments - acting as a critical resource for scientists se ... more
Washington (AFP) Sept 9, 2017
Series of potent hurricanes stokes scientific debate
Sydney (AFP) Sept 1, 2017
Australia has hottest winter on record
Melbourne, Australia (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
Researchers tackle methane emissions with gas-guzzling bacteria
Researchers devise a new way of producing hydrogen fuel
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
A U.S.-based team of researchers featuring MIPT scientists has assembled a nanoscale biological structure capable of producing hydrogen from water using light. They inserted a photosensitive protein into nanodiscs - circular fragments of cell membrane composed of a lipid bilayer - and enhanced the resultant structure with particles of titanium dioxide, a photocatalyst. The research findings were ... more
Paris, France (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Electricity production: When enzymes rival platinum
Ulsan, South Korea (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
Making better batteries via real-time TEM observation
Golden CO (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
NREL analysis identifies where commercial customers might benefit from energy storage
Could switchgrass help China's air quality?
Urbana IL (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Researchers from the United States and China have proposed an idea that could improve China's air quality, but they're not atmospheric scientists. They're agronomists. "China's poor air quality is caused by a combination of coal burning and particulates from soil erosion. The Loess Plateau is the major source of erosion in China, and air quality there is just terrible. If erosion in the Lo ... more
Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Reusable ruthenium-based catalyst could be a game-changer for the biomass industry
Ames IA (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Center for Biorenewable Chemicals introduces idea for new molecules,
Lincoln NE (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
Technique could aid mass production of biodegradable plastic
US House passes bill to clear path for self-driving cars
Washington (AFP) Sept 6, 2017
The US House of Representatives on Wednesday approved legislation aimed at clearing the path for deployment of self-driving vehicles by requiring consistent regulations across the 50 states. The "Self Drive Act" approved by voice vote "will help pave the way for self-driving cars nationwide and ensures America stays a global leader in innovation," said a tweet from Representative Greg Walden ... more
New York (AFP) Sept 6, 2017
Post-Harvey Houston faces a car crunch
Berlin (AFP) Sept 4, 2017
Battling to thwart diesel bans, Merkel throws in the cash
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) Sept 1, 2017
VW shares gain as dieselgate bullet dodged
Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
Scientists developed 'smart fertilizer'
Krasnoyarsk, Russia (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
According to the head of the works Tatiana Volova, Professor of SibFU and the Head of Laboratory in the Institute of Biophysics KSC of SB RAS, development of a new generation of drugs with the use of bio-decomposable materials which decompose under the influence of the microflora to innocuous products and provide a gradual release of the active principle into the soil, is the newest area of rese ... more
New York (AFP) Sept 5, 2017
prices jump as Irma approaches Florida
Los Angeles (AFP) July 13, 2017
Disneyland China falls a-fowl of huge turkey leg demand
Hanover NH (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
Drought response in global crops may be as complex as day and night
Artificial intelligence analyzes gravitational lenses 10 million times faster
Menlo Park CA (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
Researchers from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have for the first time shown that neural networks - a form of artificial intelligence - can accurately analyze the complex distortions in spacetime known as gravitational lenses 10 million times faster than traditional methods. "Analyses that typically take weeks to months to complete, ... more
Washington (UPI) Sep 1, 2017
Europe's biggest X-ray laser begins operations
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Van Allen probes survive extreme radiation five years on
Lausanne, Switzerland (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
New microscopy method for quick and reliable 3-D imaging of curvilinear nanostructures
Researchers validate UV light's use in improving semiconductors
Golden CO (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
A discovery by two scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) could aid the development of next-generation semiconductor devices. The researchers, Kwangwook Park and Kirstin Alberi, experimented with integrating two dissimilar semiconductors into a heterostructure by using light to modify the interface between them. Typically, the semiconductor materi ... more
Nagoya, Japan (SPX) Aug 29, 2017
Nagoya-led team flips the switch on ferroelectrics
Arusha, Tanzania (AFP) Aug 28, 2017
In new leap for AI: computer chips that can smell
University Park PA (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
Conformal metasurface coating eliminates crosstalk and shrinks waveguides
Scientists propose method to improve microgrid stability and reliability
Beojing, China (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
The power it takes to bring a Boeing 747 from a resting state on the airport tarmac to speeding across the sky is enormous. The jet can continue in its active state for as long as its fuel lasts. A Frisbee, in contrast, takes far less energy to go airborne, but with no energy supply, it falls almost immediately. The same principle can be extended to the traditional power system and decentr ... more
Washington (UPI) Aug 29, 2017
ADB: New finance model needed for low-carbon shift in Asia
Beijing (AFP) Aug 28, 2017
China merges energy giants into global leader
Miami (AFP) Aug 28, 2017
Power demand to peak in Europe summers, not winters: study
Flourine lends white graphene new qualities
Washington (UPI) Jul 14, 2017
With just a bit of fluorine, white graphene becomes a wide-bandgap semiconductor with magnetic properties. The new material could be used in electronics designed to perform under extreme conditions. White graphene is a two-dimensional atomic sheet of hexagonal boron nitride. Its hexagonal structure is similar to that of regular graphene, but the atomic layer is made up of boron nitride, ... more
Ames IA (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
Ames Laboratory scientists move graphene closer to transistor applications
Raleigh NC (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
Researchers set new bar for water-splitting, CO2-splitting techniques
Storrs CT (SPX) Aug 30, 2017
UConn chemist synthesizes pure graphene
High Resolution Smallsats Built by SSL Arrive at Vandenberg AFB for Launch
Palo Alto CA (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
In a first for the industry, six satellites, built in California, to be launched in California, for a California company have arrived at the Vandenberg Air Force Base, where they are scheduled to be launched on a Minotaur rocket in October. Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of innovative satellites and spacecraft systems, built the six high-resolution small satellites for Plane ... more
Washington (UPI) Jul 13, 2017
Nickel key to Earth's magnetic field, research shows
Boulder CO (SPX) Sep 04, 2017
Pinpointing the sources of trans-Pacific dust
Essex, UK (SPX) Sep 01, 2017
Teledyne e2v sensors will play a vital role in ESA's FLEX satellite mission to study plant health and stress from space
UMass Amherst environmental chemist flashes warning light on new nanoparticle
Amherst MA (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
When environmental and soil chemist Baoshan Xing at the University of Massachusetts Amherst began reading in 2014 that a new, two-dimensional material known as layered black phosphorous (BP) was gaining the attention of biomedical researchers for use in drug delivery systems and tumor photothermal therapy, he was both intrigued and concerned. "I am not only a soil chemist, but an environme ... more
Bethlehem PA (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
A more complete picture of the nano world
Washington DC (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals
Livermore CA (SPX) Aug 28, 2017
Carbon nanotubes worth their salt
X-37B Flies Again In First SpaceX Launch
Sydney, Australia (SPX) Sep 08, 2017
The fifth launch of the X-37B robot spaceplane almost makes this vehicle look routine. This time, liftoff has come with a Falcon 9 rocket from SpaceX instead of an Atlas V, a change from old-school launchers to NewSpace. By itself, this was controversial, but the spacecraft is in orbit as requested. Security for this launch seems to have been just as tight as for previous launches, with no ... more
Washington (UPI) Sep 8, 2017
AUD counter-drone system upgraded by Blighter
Riga, Latvia (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Atlas Dynamics Introduces Fixed Wing UAV with 5-Hour Flight Time, 150 Kilometer Operational Range
Riga, Latvia (SPX) Sep 07, 2017
Atlas Dynamics Unveils NEST Smart Protective Charging Station for Enhanced Performance of Atlas Pro Platform
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Cambodia bans overseas exports of coastal sand
Phnom Penh (AFP) July 13, 2017
Cambodia has outlawed sand exports from a coastal region where it has been primarily funnelled in huge quantities to Singapore, a move met with scepticism from activists who said previous bans on the destructive industry had failed to take root. Environmental groups have long accused Cambodia of running damaging and corrupt sand dredging operations along the southwest coast and the Mekong ri ... more
Colombo (AFP) Sept 1, 2017
Sri Lanka bans plastic after garbage crisis
Brasília (AFP) Sept 1, 2017
Brazil government freezes Amazon mining plans
Gaza City, Palestinian Territories (AFP) Aug 26, 2017
Gaza boy swimmer death puts spotlight on pollution crisis
Chinese robotics artist makes real-life 'Transformers'
Beijing (AFP) Sept 7, 2017
In the suburbs of China's capital, a 32-year-old engineer creates the kind of larger-than-life, shapeshifting robots that most have only seen in "Transformers" movies. Sun Shiqian's roomy warehouse on the outskirts of Beijing houses a hulking menagerie, from a sleepy cow to a fiery metal dragon that stands 4.9 metres (16 feet) tall at the flip of a switch. A graduate of China's prestigio ... more
Berlin (AFP) Sept 4, 2017
Voice assistants promise a light-fingered future
Boston MA (SPX) Aug 31, 2017
New robot rolls with the rules of pedestrian conduct
(UPI) Aug 29, 2017
Roboteam receives orders for tactical robots


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