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24/7 Africa News Coverage
August 09, 2017
BIO FUEL
Additive selectively converts CO2 to multicarbon fuels



Pasadena CA (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO2). In chemical reactions performed in the lab, a Caltech team has identified a new additive that helps selectively convert CO2 into fuels containing multiple carbon atoms - a step toward ultimately making renewable liquid fuels that are not derived from coal or oil. "The results were quite shocking," says Jonas Peters, Bren Professor of Chemistry at Caltech and director of the Resnick Sustainab ... read more

BIO FUEL
Biochar could clear the air in more ways than one
Houston TX (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Biochar from recycled waste may both enhance crop growth and save health costs by helping clear the air of pollutants, according to Rice University researchers. Rice researchers in Earth scien ... more
BIO FUEL
New light-activated catalyst grabs CO2 to make ingredients for fuel
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Scientists have developed a light-activated material that can chemically convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide without generating unwanted byproducts. The achievement marks a significant step ... more
BIO FUEL
Algae cultivation technique could advance biofuels
Pullman WA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Washington State University researchers have developed a way to grow algae more efficiently - in days instead of weeks - and make the algae more viable for several industries, including biofuels. ... more
BIO FUEL
Fungi that evolved to eat wood offer new biomass conversion tool
Amherst MA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Twenty years ago, microbiologist Barry Goodell, now a professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and colleagues discovered a unique system that some microorganisms use to digest and recyc ... more
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Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
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Nuclear decommissioning and used fuel market map 2017
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BIO FUEL
How enzymes produce hydrogen
Bochum, Germany (SPX) Jul 24, 2017
Researchers at Ruhr-Universitat Bochum and the Freie Universitat Berlin have clarified the crucial catalytic step in the production of hydrogen by enzymes. The enzymes, called [FeFe]-hydrogenases, e ... more
BIO FUEL
New biofuel technology significantly cuts production time
Okanagan, Canada (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
New research from a professor of engineering at UBC's Okanagan Campus might hold the key to biofuels that are cheaper, safer and much faster to produce. "Methane is a biofuel commonly used in ... more
BIO FUEL
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Whether or not society shakes its addiction to oil and gasoline will depend on a number of profound environmental, geopolitical and societal factors. But with current oil prices hovering aroun ... more
BIO FUEL
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Rice is a staple food for over half of the world's population and a model for studies of candidate bioenergy grasses such as sorghum, switchgrass, and Miscanthus. To optimize crops for biofuel produ ... more
BIO FUEL
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetic ... more
BIO FUEL
Sea shells for sale: A new source of sustainable biomaterials
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Over 7 million tonnes of mollusc shells are discarded by the seafood industry each year as unwanted waste - and the vast majority of these shells are either thrown in landfills or dumped at sea. Dr ... more


Cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly

BIO FUEL
Cheap, energy-efficient and clean reaction to make chemical feedstock
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
They are all around you! Most plastics, conductive polymers, and even medicines derive from molecules with a double bond between two carbon atoms, C=C. These molecules are called olefins and a ... more
BIO FUEL
Biofuel from waste
Munich, Germany (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Fuel from waste? It is possible. But hitherto, converting organic waste to fuel has not been economically viable. Excessively high temperatures and too much energy are required. Using a novel cataly ... more
BIO FUEL
Regulating the indirect land use carbon emissions imposes high hidden costs on fuel
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 28, 2017
Farmers earn more profits when there is demand for corn for biofuel instead of for food only. This can lead some to convert grasslands and forests to cropland. This conversion, also called indirect ... more
BIO FUEL
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel
Adelaide, Australia (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'cle ... more



Solar glasses generate solar power
Karlsruher, Germany (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Organic solar cells are flexible, transparent, and light-weight - and can be manufactured in arbitrary shapes or colors. Thus, they are suitable for a variety of applications that cannot be realized with conventional silicon solar cells. In the Energy Technology journal, researchers from KIT now present sunglasses with colored, semitransparent solar cells applied onto lenses that supply a ... more
Chicago IL (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
New method enhances broadband light absorption in solar cells
Washington DC (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Lightweight catalyst for artificial photosynthesis
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
A new picture emerges on the origins of photosynthesis in a sun-loving bacteria
High demand means higher gasoline prices, report finds
Washington (UPI) Aug 8, 2017
Swelling consumer demand and pressure from crude oil prices means the average price for gas is 23 cents higher than this time last year, retail analysis finds. Motor club AAA reports a national average retail price for a gallon of regular unleaded gasoline at $2.35 for Tuesday, a slight increase from the previous day, about 9 cents higher than a month ago and 23 cents more than this dat ... more
Washington (UPI) Aug 8, 2017
Oil prices relatively even on wait-and-see Tuesday
Washington (UPI) Aug 8, 2017
United Arab Emirates, an OPEC member, eyes more oil production
Washington (UPI) Aug 8, 2017
Libyan oil production issue resolved
UNEP chief urges China to do more on climate
Seoul (AFP) Aug 9, 2017
The world's biggest polluter China has a "big job" ahead of it in the global fight against climate change, the UN's environment chief said Wednesday. Since US President Donald Trump's decision in June to quit the Paris agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, Beijing has proclaimed its willingness to stick to the pact. Analysts say the US move gives China an opportunity to establi ... more
Washington (AFP) Aug 4, 2017
US to join climate talks despite Paris accord exit
Washington (AFP) Aug 8, 2017
Government report sees drastic climate change impact in US: NYT
Pasadena CA (JPL) Aug 09, 2017
Can poor air quality mask global warming's effects
BAE Systems installing heat and power plant at Portsmouth, England
Washington (UPI) Aug 4, 2017
BAE Systems of Great Britain is starting to install a new combined heat and power plant at the Royal Navy base in Portsmouth, England. The plant will be completed at the end of next year and will recycle energy, reduce carbon footprint and save the Ministry of Defense as much as $4.7 million in annual energy costs, BAE said. "By developing this new facility we will be able to rec ... more
Washington (UPI) Aug 7, 2017
Metal clouds to protect fusion reactor walls from heat flux
Binghamton NY (SPX) Aug 09, 2017
Saliva-powered battery could be helpful in extreme conditions
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
How the electrodes of lithium-air batteries become passivated
Additive selectively converts CO2 to multicarbon fuels
Pasadena CA (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO2). In chemical reactions performed in the lab, a Caltech team has identified a new additive that helps selectively convert CO2 into fuels containing multiple carbon atoms - a step toward ultimately making renewable liquid fuels that are not derived from coal or oil. "The results were qu ... more
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
New light-activated catalyst grabs CO2 to make ingredients for fuel
Houston TX (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Biochar could clear the air in more ways than one
Pullman WA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Algae cultivation technique could advance biofuels
Electric car startup Faraday Future signs factory deal
Washington (AFP) Aug 7, 2017
Electric car startup Faraday Future said Monday it had signed a lease for a new assembly plant in California and reaffirmed its intention to start deliveries in 2018. The company, whose backers include the head of the financially strapped Chinese tech group LeEco, said its new facility will be in Hanford, California, roughly halfway between Los Angeles and Silicon Valley. Faraday Future ... more
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) Aug 3, 2017
BMW sticks to cautious forecast as profits shift up
Shanghai (AFP) Aug 3, 2017
China issues bike-sharing guidelines as complaints rise
Berlin (AFP) Aug 2, 2017
Germany's car bosses bid to head off diesel ban with software patch
Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
Low to no risk from pesticide-tainted eggs: experts
Paris (AFP) Aug 8, 2017
The pesticide fipronil at the heart of Europe's latest food safety scare is found in common household products used to rid the family dog of ticks, kill lawn pests, and in cockroach bait. It is also a prolific killer of bloodsucking red mites that can devastate poultry farms, but Europe prohibits its use on food-producing animals. Tests with lab rats have observed toxic effects on the ne ... more
The Hague (AFP) Aug 8, 2017
Dutch egg probe widens to chicken meat tests
Rome (AFP) Aug 4, 2017
Heatstruck Italy starts harvesting its thirsty vines
Jerusalem (AFP) Aug 7, 2017
Mexichem buys 80% of Israel's Netafim for $1.5 bln
Clarifiying complex chemical processes with quantum computers
Zurich, Switzerland (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Specialists expect nothing less than a technological revolution from quantum computers, which they hope will soon allow them to solve problems that are currently too complex for classical supercomputers. Commonly discussed areas of application include data encryption and decryption, as well as special problems in the fields of physics, quantum chemistry and materials research. But wh ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Big data points humanity to new minerals, new deposits
Nashville TN (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Smart underwear proven to prevent back stress with just a tap
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Aug 09, 2017
NASA Tests Autopilot Sensors During Simulations
InterDrone 2017 Las Vegas - Sept 6-8
Single-photon emitter has promise for quantum info-processing
Los Alamos NM (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
Los Alamos National Laboratory has produced the first known material capable of single-photon emission at room temperature and at telecommunications wavelengths. These carbon nanotube quantum light emitters may be important for optically-based quantum information processing and information security, while also being of significant interest for ultrasensitive sensing, metrology and imaging ... more
Berkeley CA (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
A semiconductor that can beat the heat
Fairport, NY (SPX) Aug 02, 2017
Saelig introduces Sol Chip autonomous, solar-powered sensor station
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Ultracold molecules hold promise for quantum computing
India must rethink infrastructure needs for 100 new 'smart' cities to be sustainable
Lincoln UK (SPX) Jul 24, 2017
Plans to create 100 new 'smart' cities in India to support the country's rapidly growing urban population could have a significant detrimental impact on the environment unless greater emphasis is placed on providing new supporting infrastructure and utilities, according to a major new study. Professor Hugh Byrd, a specialist in urban planning from the University of Lincoln, UK, conducted a ... more
University Park PA (SPX) Jul 25, 2017
Allowable 'carbon budget' most likely overestimated
Edinburgh UK (SPX) Jul 24, 2017
Sparkling springs aid quest for underground heat energy sources
Washington (AFP) July 7, 2017
Google's 'moonshot' factory spins off geothermal unit
Flourine lends white graphene new qualities
Washington (UPI) Jul 14, 2017
With just a bit of fluorine, white graphene becomes a wide-bandgap semiconductor with magnetic properties. The new material could be used in electronics designed to perform under extreme conditions. White graphene is a two-dimensional atomic sheet of hexagonal boron nitride. Its hexagonal structure is similar to that of regular graphene, but the atomic layer is made up of boron nitride, ... more
Helsinki, Finland (SPX) Jul 27, 2017
Chemical route towards electronic devices in graphene
Oranjenmund, Namibie (AFP) July 26, 2017
Off Namibia, an underwater diamond harvest
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Jul 27, 2017
Large single-crystal graphene is possible
Upper Atmospheric Mission SPORTs an Aerospace Sensor
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Aug 04, 2017
The U.S. and Brazil are teaming up to study scintillation in the ionosphere, a phenomena that affects radio signals, disrupting communications and GPS navigation. Aerospace is providing a sensor for this international CubeSat mission, dubbed SPORT, that will be deployed off the International Space Station. The ionosphere is a portion of Earth's atmosphere where radiation from the sun creates a l ... more
Palo Alto CA (SPX) Aug 09, 2017
Lockheed Martin Will Build New Space Instrument Focused on Vegetation Health and Carbon Monitoring
Washington (UPI) Jul 13, 2017
Nickel key to Earth's magnetic field, research shows
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Aug 04, 2017
NOAA's GOES-S and GOES-T satellites coming together
New method promises easier nanoscale manufacturing
Chicago IL (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Scientists at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new way to precisely pattern nanomaterials that could open a new path to the next generation of everyday electronic devices. The new research, published July 28 in Science, is expected to make such materials easily available for eventual use in everything from LED displays to cellular phones to photod ... more
Ann Arbor MI (SPX) Jul 21, 2017
Nanoparticles could spur better LEDs, invisibility cloaks
Barcelona, Spain (SPX) Jul 18, 2017
New material resembling a metal nanosponge could reduce computer energy consumption
Pittsburgh PA (SPX) Jul 18, 2017
How do you build a metal nanoparticle?
Pentagon says it has released guidelines for shooting down civilian drones
Washington (UPI) Aug 7, 2017
The Department of Defense has approved a policy that allows military bases to shoot down unauthorized drones in their airspace, according to the Pentagon. A Pentagon spokesperson confirmed the policy's existence to UPI but offered no further comment because it is classified. The policy was distributed in the last several weeks in response to growing concern among military commanders. ... more
Washington (UPI) Aug 7, 2017
Raytheon receives $25.9M contract for Global Hawk sensor upgrades
Boston MA (SPX) Aug 09, 2017
Drones reporting for work
Washington DC (SPX) Aug 04, 2017
Mobile force protection aims to thwart adversaries' small UAVs and Drones
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Benefits of advanced wood-burning stoves greater than thought
Raleigh NC (SPX) Aug 09, 2017
A recent study from North Carolina State University finds that advanced wood-burning stoves designed for use in the developing world can reduce air pollution more than anticipated, because gaseous emissions from traditional wood stoves form more particulate matter in the atmosphere than researchers previously thought. "Previous studies have looked solely at direct emissions from cookstoves ... more
Tenerife, Spain (AFP) Aug 7, 2017
Algae blooms irk Canaries beachgoers
Hong Kong (AFP) Aug 7, 2017
Hong Kong cleans up greasy beaches after palm oil spill
Moscow (AFP) Aug 4, 2017
Russia's Lake Baikal 'extremely polluted', Putin warns
Why humans find faulty robots more likeable
Washington DC (SPX) Aug 07, 2017
It has been argued that the ability of humans to recognize social signals is crucial to mastering social intelligence - but can robots learn to read human social cues and adapt or correct their own behavior accordingly? In a recent study, researchers examined how people react to robots that exhibit faulty behavior compared to perfectly performing robots. The results, published in Frontiers ... more
Washington (AFP) Aug 3, 2017
Mishap doesn't dampen enthusiasm for security robots
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 31, 2017
Somersaulting simulation for jumping bots
Nagoya, Japan (AFP) July 30, 2017
Watch out Messi, here come the footballers at RoboCup


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