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24/7 Africa News Coverage
July 14, 2017
BIO FUEL
New biofuel technology significantly cuts production time



Okanagan, Canada (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
New research from a professor of engineering at UBC's Okanagan Campus might hold the key to biofuels that are cheaper, safer and much faster to produce. "Methane is a biofuel commonly used in electricity generation and is produced by fermenting organic material," says Cigdem Eskicioglu, an associate professor with UBC Okanagan's School of Engineering. "The process can traditionally take anywhere from weeks to months to complete, but with my collaborators from Europe and Australia we've disco ... read more

BIO FUEL
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Whether or not society shakes its addiction to oil and gasoline will depend on a number of profound environmental, geopolitical and societal factors. But with current oil prices hovering aroun ... more
BIO FUEL
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Rice is a staple food for over half of the world's population and a model for studies of candidate bioenergy grasses such as sorghum, switchgrass, and Miscanthus. To optimize crops for biofuel produ ... more
BIO FUEL
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetic ... more
BIO FUEL
Sea shells for sale: A new source of sustainable biomaterials
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Over 7 million tonnes of mollusc shells are discarded by the seafood industry each year as unwanted waste - and the vast majority of these shells are either thrown in landfills or dumped at sea. Dr ... more
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Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
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BIO FUEL
Cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly
East Lansing MI (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Could cellulosic biofuels - or liquid energy derived from grasses and wood - become a green fuel of the future, providing an environmentally sustainable way of meeting energy needs? In Science, rese ... more
BIO FUEL
Cheap, energy-efficient and clean reaction to make chemical feedstock
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
They are all around you! Most plastics, conductive polymers, and even medicines derive from molecules with a double bond between two carbon atoms, C=C. These molecules are called olefins and a ... more
BIO FUEL
Biofuel from waste
Munich, Germany (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Fuel from waste? It is possible. But hitherto, converting organic waste to fuel has not been economically viable. Excessively high temperatures and too much energy are required. Using a novel cataly ... more
BIO FUEL
Regulating the indirect land use carbon emissions imposes high hidden costs on fuel
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 28, 2017
Farmers earn more profits when there is demand for corn for biofuel instead of for food only. This can lead some to convert grasslands and forests to cropland. This conversion, also called indirect ... more
BIO FUEL
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel
Adelaide, Australia (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'cle ... more
BIO FUEL
Discovery could lead to sustainable ethanol made from carbon dioxide
Stanford CA (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
Most cars and trucks in the United States run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel made primarily from fermented corn. But to produce the 14 billion gallons of ... more


Corn better used as food than biofuel

BIO FUEL
Researchers produce biofuel for conventional diesel engines
Bochum, Germany (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
In accordance with an EU directive, conventional automotive diesel is supplemented with seven percent biodiesel. This proportion is set to rise to ten percent by 2020. However, this presents a signi ... more
BIO FUEL
Scientists make plastic from sugar and carbon dioxide
Bath UK (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Some biodegradable plastics could in the future be made using sugar and carbon dioxide, replacing unsustainable plastics made from crude oil, following research by scientists from the Centre for Sus ... more
BIO FUEL
Turning car plastics into foams with coconut oil
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 12, 2017
End-of-life vehicles, with their plastic, metal and rubber components, are responsible for millions of tons of waste around the world each year. Now, one team reports in ACS Sustainable Chemistry an ... more
BIO FUEL
Splitting carbon dioxide using low-cost catalyst materials
Lausanne, Switzerland (SPX) Jun 07, 2017
A promising avenue for the future of clean energy is to store it in the form of carbon-based fuels produced from renewable sources, effectively enabling the clean use of liquid fuels such as gasolin ... more



Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films
Atlanta GA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
A new low-temperature solution printing technique allows fabrication of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with large crystals intended to minimize current-robbing grain boundaries. The meniscus-assisted solution printing (MASP) technique boosts power conversion efficiencies to nearly 20 percent by controlling crystal size and orientation. The process, which uses parallel plates to cre ... more
New Bedford MA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
There Will Always be Sun on this Horizon
San Francisco, CA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
SolarEdge Launching First PV Inverter-Integrated Electric Vehicle Charger
Bristol, UK (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Investors Generate 174,000,000 kWh of Renewable Electricity
Oklahoma says economic recovery under oil price pressure
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
The state economy in Oklahoma has recovered from recession, though momentum could be hindered by lower oil prices, the state treasurer said. Oklahoma accounts for as much as 5 percent of the total national output of crude oil, making it one of the more significant oil producers in the nation. It's the fifth-largest shale natural gas producer in the country. Spending in Oklahoma s ... more
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
Energy jobs on the decline, but not production, IEA finds
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
Norway's oil production higher year-over-year
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
More oil discovered off the coast of Senegal
Scientists upgrade database tracking global temperatures across millennia
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
A consortium of international scientists led by a climate expert from USC have upgraded an open-source global database tracking the Earth's temperatures since 1 A.D. that further confirms that the Earth is warming at a rate unprecedented in recent geologic history. The database by the PAGES 2k Consortium relies on proxy data such as tree rings, corals, glacier ice, marine sediment and other such ... more
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Two significant warming intervals in southern China since 1850
New York (AFP) July 12, 2017
Bloomberg outlines plan to quantify US climate efforts
Hamburg (AFP) July 9, 2017
G20: Compromise on climate change, but at what cost?
First battery-free cellphone makes calls by harvesting ambient power
Seattle WA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
University of Washington researchers have invented a cellphone that requires no batteries - a major leap forward in moving beyond chargers, cords and dying phones. Instead, the phone harvests the few microwatts of power it requires from either ambient radio signals or light. The team also made Skype calls using its battery-free phone, demonstrating that the prototype made of commercial, of ... more
Plainsboro NJ (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
PPPL researchers demonstrate first hot plasma edge in a fusion facility
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Iron secrets behind superconductors unlocked
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetically engineer enzyme surfaces so they bind less to corn stalks and other cellulosic biomass, reducing enzyme costs in biofuels production, according to a study published this month on the cover of the ... more
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Okanagan, Canada (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
New biofuel technology significantly cuts production time
Self-driving cars may soon be able to make moral and ethical decisions as humans do
Osnabruck, Germany (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Can a self-driving vehicle be moral, act like humans do, or act like humans expect humans to? Contrary to previous thinking, a ground-breaking new study has found for the first time that human morality can be modelled meaning that machine based moral decisions are, in principle, possible. The research, Virtual Reality experiments investigating human behavior and moral assessments, from The ... more
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) July 10, 2017
German 'dieselgate' investigators target Porsche employees
Blacksburg VA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Forget defrosting your car at a glacial pace
Paris (AFP) July 6, 2017
France 'to end sales of petrol, diesel vehicles by 2040'
Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
Study offers new approach to evaluating agricultural development programs
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
As the old saying goes, teaching someone to fish is far more helpful than just giving them a fish. Now, research from WorldFish and MIT takes that adage a step further: Better yet, the study found, is working with the fishermen to help develop better fishing methods. Involving local people in figuring out how to improve their farming and fishing methods provides more lasting and widespread ... more
Sede Boqer, Israel (SPX) Jul 13, 2017
Using treated graywater for irrigation is better for arid environments
Los Angeles (AFP) July 12, 2017
Disneyland China falls a-fowl of huge turkey leg demand
Colombo, Sri Lanka (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Global use of wastewater to irrigate agriculture at least 50 percent greater than thought
Spacepath Communications Announces Innovative Frequency Converter Systems
London, UK (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
SpacePath Communications is launching a new range of intelligent frequency converters (IFC) featuring an innovative, hot swappable system design. SpacePath's intelligent frequency converters feature a hot swappable capability in a 1RU design. The 1:1 redundant, hot swappable frequency convertor requires no additional, external 1RU switch controller or external input /output switches. ... more
Morgantown WV (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
WVU to develop software for future NASA Mars rovers, test 3-D printed foams on ISS
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Giant enhancement of electromagnetic waves revealed within small dielectric particles
Canberra, Australia (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
ANU invention may help to protect astronauts from radiation in space
Molecular electronics scientists shatter 'impossible' record
Orlando FL (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
An international research team that includes University of Central Florida Professor Enrique del Barco, Damien Thompson of the University of Limerick and Christian A. Nijhuis of the National University of Singapore has cracked an important limitation that for nearly 20 years has prevented the practical use of molecular diodes. Electrical circuits are the basic building blocks of modern ele ... more
Fukuoka, Japan (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
Harnessing hopping hydrogens for high-efficiency OLEDs
Linkoping, Sweden (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
High-precision control of printed electronics
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage
Google's 'moonshot' factory spins off geothermal unit
Washington (AFP) July 7, 2017
Google parent Alphabet is spinning off a little-known unit working on geothermal power called Dandelion, which will begin offering residential energy services. The announcement Thursday took the wraps off one of the secretive projects at the Alphabet unit X, known notably for its work on self-driving cars and internet balloons. Dandelion chief executive Kathy Hannun said her team had bee ... more
San Diego CA (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Fighting global warming and climate change requires a broad energy portfolio
(UPI) Jun 12, 2017
Low-carbon trajectory is the only option, European leaders say
Washington (UPI) Jun 8, 2017
Divestment streak continues for British energy company Centrica
Highly nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon microspheres for supercapacitors
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Among various kinds of electrode materials for supercapacitors, carbon-based materials are most commonly used because of their commercially available and cheap, and they can be produced with large specific surface area. Heteroatom doping, especially dual-doped carbon materials have attracted much attention for the past few years, and have been regarded as one of the most efficient strategi ... more
Gothenburg, Sweden (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
A room temperature field-effect transistor using graphene's electron spin
Onna, Japan (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Recruiting manganese to upgrade carbon dioxide
Clemson SC (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
Clemson researchers illuminate the field of microscopy with nanoparticle 'buckyswitch'
SSL To Provide Next-Generation Imaging Satellite Constellation To Digitalglobe
Palo Alto CA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. reports that its subsidiary Space Systems Loral (SSL) was selected to provide a next-generation satellite constellation for high-resolution Earth imaging to DigitalGlobe, the global leader in Earth imagery and information about our changing planet. Called WorldView Legion, the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites will more than double DigitalGlobe's hig ... more
Newcastle UK (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides
Corvallis OR (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Study finds Earth's magnetic field 'simpler than we thought'
Paris (ESA) Jul 07, 2017
See our seasons change from space
Nanostructures taste the rainbow
Pasadena CA (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Engineers at Caltech have for the first time developed a light detector that combines two disparate technologies - nanophotonics, which manipulates light at the nanoscale, and thermoelectrics, which translates temperature differences directly into electron voltage - to distinguish different wavelengths (colors) of light, including both visible and infrared wavelengths, at high resolution. ... more
Pittsburgh PA (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Chemists perform surgery on nanoparticles
Lund, Sweden (SPX) Jun 20, 2017
Silver atom nanoclusters could become efficient biosensors
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Superconducting nanowire memory cell, miniaturized technology
Explotrain develops drone-simulated IED training system
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
A functional drone, together with a simulated IED device, has been developed by Explotrain LLC, a Florida-based small business for the training of troops. ExploDrone features a reusable drone carrying lightweight pneumatic-based Explosive Blast Simulators used in the Kamikaze-like crash of the drone into a target area. The system also uses smaller drones that carry simulations of ... more
Washington (UPI) Jun 30, 2017
New Reaper drone variant performs first combat mission
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 29, 2017
Smart Quadcopters Find their Way without Human Help or GPS
Washington DC (UPI) Jun 24, 2017
Rafael unveils Drone Dome anti-drone system
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Study finds toxic mercury is accumulating in the Arctic tundra
Lowell MA (SPX) Jul 13, 2017
Vast amounts of toxic mercury are accumulating in the Arctic tundra, threatening the health and well-being of people, wildlife and waterways, according to a UMass Lowell scientist investigating the source of the pollution. A research team led by Prof. Daniel Obrist, chairman of UMass Lowell's Department of Environmental, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, found that airborne mercury is gather ... more
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Human activities worsen air quality in Dunhuang, a desert basin in China
Paris (AFP) July 4, 2017
Herbicide boost for tadpoles: study
Washington (UPI) Jun 21, 2017
Scientists probe role of sunscreen in accelerating coral reef decline
Government Agencies Turn to Private Sector for Help Adopting Intelligent Technologies
McLean, VA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Intelligent technologies like advanced analytics and biometrics/identity analytics can help government agencies fulfill their missions to improve the delivery of public services and meet the rising expectations of citizens, a recent survey found. However, successful adoption of intelligent technologies first requires overcoming challenges-challenges that can be solved, survey respondents say, by ... more
Paris (AFP) July 11, 2017
Three European firms join in robot ship project
Toyohashi, Japan (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Human pose estimation for care robots using deep learning
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 14, 2017
Soft and stretchy fabric-based sensors for wearable robots


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