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24/7 Africa News Coverage
July 13, 2017
BIO FUEL
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals



Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Whether or not society shakes its addiction to oil and gasoline will depend on a number of profound environmental, geopolitical and societal factors. But with current oil prices hovering around $50 dollars a barrel, it won't likely be anytime soon. Despite several major national research initiatives, no one has been able to come up with the breakthrough renewable biofuel technology that would lead to a cheaper alternative to gasoline. That research challenge led ASU scientists, Reed Ca ... read more

BIO FUEL
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Rice is a staple food for over half of the world's population and a model for studies of candidate bioenergy grasses such as sorghum, switchgrass, and Miscanthus. To optimize crops for biofuel produ ... more
BIO FUEL
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetic ... more
BIO FUEL
Sea shells for sale: A new source of sustainable biomaterials
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Over 7 million tonnes of mollusc shells are discarded by the seafood industry each year as unwanted waste - and the vast majority of these shells are either thrown in landfills or dumped at sea. Dr ... more
BIO FUEL
Cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly
East Lansing MI (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Could cellulosic biofuels - or liquid energy derived from grasses and wood - become a green fuel of the future, providing an environmentally sustainable way of meeting energy needs? In Science, rese ... more
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Bio Fuel News from BioFuelDaily.com

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Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
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BIO FUEL
Cheap, energy-efficient and clean reaction to make chemical feedstock
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
They are all around you! Most plastics, conductive polymers, and even medicines derive from molecules with a double bond between two carbon atoms, C=C. These molecules are called olefins and a ... more
BIO FUEL
Biofuel from waste
Munich, Germany (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Fuel from waste? It is possible. But hitherto, converting organic waste to fuel has not been economically viable. Excessively high temperatures and too much energy are required. Using a novel cataly ... more
BIO FUEL
Regulating the indirect land use carbon emissions imposes high hidden costs on fuel
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 28, 2017
Farmers earn more profits when there is demand for corn for biofuel instead of for food only. This can lead some to convert grasslands and forests to cropland. This conversion, also called indirect ... more
BIO FUEL
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel
Adelaide, Australia (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'cle ... more
BIO FUEL
Discovery could lead to sustainable ethanol made from carbon dioxide
Stanford CA (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
Most cars and trucks in the United States run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel made primarily from fermented corn. But to produce the 14 billion gallons of ... more
BIO FUEL
Corn better used as food than biofuel
Champaign IL (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
Corn is grown not only for food, it is also an important renewable energy source. Renewable biofuels can come with hidden economic and environmental issues, and the question of whether corn is bette ... more


Researchers produce biofuel for conventional diesel engines

BIO FUEL
Scientists make plastic from sugar and carbon dioxide
Bath UK (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Some biodegradable plastics could in the future be made using sugar and carbon dioxide, replacing unsustainable plastics made from crude oil, following research by scientists from the Centre for Sus ... more
BIO FUEL
Turning car plastics into foams with coconut oil
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 12, 2017
End-of-life vehicles, with their plastic, metal and rubber components, are responsible for millions of tons of waste around the world each year. Now, one team reports in ACS Sustainable Chemistry an ... more
BIO FUEL
Splitting carbon dioxide using low-cost catalyst materials
Lausanne, Switzerland (SPX) Jun 07, 2017
A promising avenue for the future of clean energy is to store it in the form of carbon-based fuels produced from renewable sources, effectively enabling the clean use of liquid fuels such as gasolin ... more
BIO FUEL
Scientists use new technique to recycle plant material into stock chemicals
Washington (UPI) Jun 7, 2017
Recycling can encompass more than just materials like plastics and paper. Important chemicals can also be recovered and reused. ... more



Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films
Atlanta GA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
A new low-temperature solution printing technique allows fabrication of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with large crystals intended to minimize current-robbing grain boundaries. The meniscus-assisted solution printing (MASP) technique boosts power conversion efficiencies to nearly 20 percent by controlling crystal size and orientation. The process, which uses parallel plates to cre ... more
New Bedford MA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
There Will Always be Sun on this Horizon
San Francisco, CA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
SolarEdge Launching First PV Inverter-Integrated Electric Vehicle Charger
Bristol, UK (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Investors Generate 174,000,000 kWh of Renewable Electricity
Oklahoma says economic recovery under oil price pressure
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
The state economy in Oklahoma has recovered from recession, though momentum could be hindered by lower oil prices, the state treasurer said. Oklahoma accounts for as much as 5 percent of the total national output of crude oil, making it one of the more significant oil producers in the nation. It's the fifth-largest shale natural gas producer in the country. Spending in Oklahoma s ... more
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
Energy jobs on the decline, but not production, IEA finds
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
Norway's oil production higher year-over-year
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
Demand factors push gas prices higher in the U.S.
Scientists upgrade database tracking global temperatures across millennia
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
A consortium of international scientists led by a climate expert from USC have upgraded an open-source global database tracking the Earth's temperatures since 1 A.D. that further confirms that the Earth is warming at a rate unprecedented in recent geologic history. The database by the PAGES 2k Consortium relies on proxy data such as tree rings, corals, glacier ice, marine sediment and other such ... more
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Two significant warming intervals in southern China since 1850
New York (AFP) July 12, 2017
Bloomberg outlines plan to quantify US climate efforts
Hamburg (AFP) July 9, 2017
G20: Compromise on climate change, but at what cost?
PPPL researchers demonstrate first hot plasma edge in a fusion facility
Plainsboro NJ (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Two major issues confronting magnetic-confinement fusion energy are enabling the walls of devices that house fusion reactions to survive bombardment by energetic particles, and improving confinement of the plasma required for the reactions. At the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), researchers have found that coating tokamak walls with lithium-- a light ... more
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Iron secrets behind superconductors unlocked
Raleigh NC (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Smart transformers could make reliable smart grid a reality
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetically engineer enzyme surfaces so they bind less to corn stalks and other cellulosic biomass, reducing enzyme costs in biofuels production, according to a study published this month on the cover of the ... more
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
East Lansing MI (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly
Self-driving cars may soon be able to make moral and ethical decisions as humans do
Osnabruck, Germany (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Can a self-driving vehicle be moral, act like humans do, or act like humans expect humans to? Contrary to previous thinking, a ground-breaking new study has found for the first time that human morality can be modelled meaning that machine based moral decisions are, in principle, possible. The research, Virtual Reality experiments investigating human behavior and moral assessments, from The ... more
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) July 10, 2017
German 'dieselgate' investigators target Porsche employees
Blacksburg VA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Forget defrosting your car at a glacial pace
Paris (AFP) July 6, 2017
France 'to end sales of petrol, diesel vehicles by 2040'
Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
Study offers new approach to evaluating agricultural development programs
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
As the old saying goes, teaching someone to fish is far more helpful than just giving them a fish. Now, research from WorldFish and MIT takes that adage a step further: Better yet, the study found, is working with the fishermen to help develop better fishing methods. Involving local people in figuring out how to improve their farming and fishing methods provides more lasting and widespread ... more
Sede Boqer, Israel (SPX) Jul 13, 2017
Using treated graywater for irrigation is better for arid environments
Los Angeles (AFP) July 12, 2017
Disneyland China falls a-fowl of huge turkey leg demand
Colombo, Sri Lanka (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Global use of wastewater to irrigate agriculture at least 50 percent greater than thought
WVU to develop software for future NASA Mars rovers, test 3-D printed foams on ISS
Morgantown WV (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
The technology developed by researchers at West Virginia University that helped them win the NASA Sample Return Robot Challenge may be headed to Mars. Majid Jaridi, professor of industrial and management systems engineering, and Yu Gu, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, have received a three-year, $750,000 grant from NASA to develop ways to increase the onboard autonomy ... more
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Giant enhancement of electromagnetic waves revealed within small dielectric particles
Canberra, Australia (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
ANU invention may help to protect astronauts from radiation in space
Huntsville AL (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
6 teams share honors and money in NASA's 2nd 3-D Print a Habitat challenge
Molecular electronics scientists shatter 'impossible' record
Orlando FL (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
An international research team that includes University of Central Florida Professor Enrique del Barco, Damien Thompson of the University of Limerick and Christian A. Nijhuis of the National University of Singapore has cracked an important limitation that for nearly 20 years has prevented the practical use of molecular diodes. Electrical circuits are the basic building blocks of modern ele ... more
Linkoping, Sweden (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
High-precision control of printed electronics
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage
Seoul (AFP) July 4, 2017
Samsung to invest $18 billion in memory chip business
Google's 'moonshot' factory spins off geothermal unit
Washington (AFP) July 7, 2017
Google parent Alphabet is spinning off a little-known unit working on geothermal power called Dandelion, which will begin offering residential energy services. The announcement Thursday took the wraps off one of the secretive projects at the Alphabet unit X, known notably for its work on self-driving cars and internet balloons. Dandelion chief executive Kathy Hannun said her team had bee ... more
San Diego CA (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Fighting global warming and climate change requires a broad energy portfolio
(UPI) Jun 12, 2017
Low-carbon trajectory is the only option, European leaders say
Washington (UPI) Jun 8, 2017
Divestment streak continues for British energy company Centrica
Highly nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon microspheres for supercapacitors
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Among various kinds of electrode materials for supercapacitors, carbon-based materials are most commonly used because of their commercially available and cheap, and they can be produced with large specific surface area. Heteroatom doping, especially dual-doped carbon materials have attracted much attention for the past few years, and have been regarded as one of the most efficient strategi ... more
Onna, Japan (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Recruiting manganese to upgrade carbon dioxide
Boulder CO (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Black carbon varies, but stubbornly persists, in snow and ice around the world
Washington (UPI) Jun 28, 2017
Researchers create tiny sensor using 'white graphene'
Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides
Newcastle UK (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Researchers are using satellite data to accurately map the movement of the earth before a landslide in a bid to develop a life-saving early warning system. The team from Newcastle University (UK), Chengdu University of Technology, Tongji University, China Academy of Space Technology and Wuhan University (China) have been tracking the devastating events of last week when a massive landslide ... more
Corvallis OR (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Study finds Earth's magnetic field 'simpler than we thought'
Paris (ESA) Jul 07, 2017
See our seasons change from space
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Computer vision techniques shed light on urban change
Nanostructures taste the rainbow
Pasadena CA (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Engineers at Caltech have for the first time developed a light detector that combines two disparate technologies - nanophotonics, which manipulates light at the nanoscale, and thermoelectrics, which translates temperature differences directly into electron voltage - to distinguish different wavelengths (colors) of light, including both visible and infrared wavelengths, at high resolution. ... more
Pittsburgh PA (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Chemists perform surgery on nanoparticles
Lund, Sweden (SPX) Jun 20, 2017
Silver atom nanoclusters could become efficient biosensors
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Superconducting nanowire memory cell, miniaturized technology
Explotrain develops drone-simulated IED training system
Washington (UPI) Jul 11, 2017
A functional drone, together with a simulated IED device, has been developed by Explotrain LLC, a Florida-based small business for the training of troops. ExploDrone features a reusable drone carrying lightweight pneumatic-based Explosive Blast Simulators used in the Kamikaze-like crash of the drone into a target area. The system also uses smaller drones that carry simulations of ... more
Washington (UPI) Jun 30, 2017
New Reaper drone variant performs first combat mission
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 29, 2017
Smart Quadcopters Find their Way without Human Help or GPS
Washington DC (UPI) Jun 24, 2017
Rafael unveils Drone Dome anti-drone system
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Study finds toxic mercury is accumulating in the Arctic tundra
Lowell MA (SPX) Jul 13, 2017
Vast amounts of toxic mercury are accumulating in the Arctic tundra, threatening the health and well-being of people, wildlife and waterways, according to a UMass Lowell scientist investigating the source of the pollution. A research team led by Prof. Daniel Obrist, chairman of UMass Lowell's Department of Environmental, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, found that airborne mercury is gather ... more
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Human activities worsen air quality in Dunhuang, a desert basin in China
Paris (AFP) July 4, 2017
Herbicide boost for tadpoles: study
Washington (UPI) Jun 21, 2017
Scientists probe role of sunscreen in accelerating coral reef decline
Government Agencies Turn to Private Sector for Help Adopting Intelligent Technologies
McLean, VA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Intelligent technologies like advanced analytics and biometrics/identity analytics can help government agencies fulfill their missions to improve the delivery of public services and meet the rising expectations of citizens, a recent survey found. However, successful adoption of intelligent technologies first requires overcoming challenges-challenges that can be solved, survey respondents say, by ... more
Toyohashi, Japan (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Human pose estimation for care robots using deep learning
Multan, Pakistan (AFP) July 6, 2017
Pizza bytes! Pakistan enchanted by first robot waitresses
Paris (AFP) July 11, 2017
Three European firms join in robot ship project


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