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24/7 Africa News Coverage
July 12, 2017
BIO FUEL
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals



Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Whether or not society shakes its addiction to oil and gasoline will depend on a number of profound environmental, geopolitical and societal factors. But with current oil prices hovering around $50 dollars a barrel, it won't likely be anytime soon. Despite several major national research initiatives, no one has been able to come up with the breakthrough renewable biofuel technology that would lead to a cheaper alternative to gasoline. That research challenge led ASU scientists, Reed Ca ... read more

BIO FUEL
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Rice is a staple food for over half of the world's population and a model for studies of candidate bioenergy grasses such as sorghum, switchgrass, and Miscanthus. To optimize crops for biofuel produ ... more
BIO FUEL
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Biofuels like the ethanol in U.S. gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University. They've demonstrated how to design and genetic ... more
BIO FUEL
Sea shells for sale: A new source of sustainable biomaterials
Washington DC (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Over 7 million tonnes of mollusc shells are discarded by the seafood industry each year as unwanted waste - and the vast majority of these shells are either thrown in landfills or dumped at sea. Dr ... more
BIO FUEL
Cheap, energy-efficient and clean reaction to make chemical feedstock
Seoul, South Korea (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
They are all around you! Most plastics, conductive polymers, and even medicines derive from molecules with a double bond between two carbon atoms, C=C. These molecules are called olefins and a ... more
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Nuclear decommissioning and used fuel market map 2017
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BIO FUEL
Biofuel from waste
Munich, Germany (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Fuel from waste? It is possible. But hitherto, converting organic waste to fuel has not been economically viable. Excessively high temperatures and too much energy are required. Using a novel cataly ... more
BIO FUEL
Regulating the indirect land use carbon emissions imposes high hidden costs on fuel
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 28, 2017
Farmers earn more profits when there is demand for corn for biofuel instead of for food only. This can lead some to convert grasslands and forests to cropland. This conversion, also called indirect ... more
BIO FUEL
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel
Adelaide, Australia (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'cle ... more
BIO FUEL
Discovery could lead to sustainable ethanol made from carbon dioxide
Stanford CA (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
Most cars and trucks in the United States run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel made primarily from fermented corn. But to produce the 14 billion gallons of ... more
BIO FUEL
Corn better used as food than biofuel
Champaign IL (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
Corn is grown not only for food, it is also an important renewable energy source. Renewable biofuels can come with hidden economic and environmental issues, and the question of whether corn is bette ... more
BIO FUEL
Researchers produce biofuel for conventional diesel engines
Bochum, Germany (SPX) Jun 22, 2017
In accordance with an EU directive, conventional automotive diesel is supplemented with seven percent biodiesel. This proportion is set to rise to ten percent by 2020. However, this presents a signi ... more


Scientists make plastic from sugar and carbon dioxide

BIO FUEL
Turning car plastics into foams with coconut oil
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 12, 2017
End-of-life vehicles, with their plastic, metal and rubber components, are responsible for millions of tons of waste around the world each year. Now, one team reports in ACS Sustainable Chemistry an ... more
BIO FUEL
Splitting carbon dioxide using low-cost catalyst materials
Lausanne, Switzerland (SPX) Jun 07, 2017
A promising avenue for the future of clean energy is to store it in the form of carbon-based fuels produced from renewable sources, effectively enabling the clean use of liquid fuels such as gasolin ... more
BIO FUEL
Scientists use new technique to recycle plant material into stock chemicals
Washington (UPI) Jun 7, 2017
Recycling can encompass more than just materials like plastics and paper. Important chemicals can also be recovered and reused. ... more
BIO FUEL
Newly identified gene helps time spring flowering in vital grass crops
Madison WI (SPX) Jun 07, 2017
Winter is no time to flower, which is why so many plants have evolved the ability to wait for the snow to melt before investing precious resources in blooms. Waking up to flower as the warmer, ... more



Environmental groups say G20 paying lip service to clean energy
Washington (UPI) Jul 5, 2017
The world's leading economies are skewing their financial strength toward fossil fuels even as the rhetoric shifts to renewables, environmental groups said. More than 20 heads of state and government representatives arrive Friday in Hamburg for the 12th summit for members of the G20 economic bloc. In the past, members endorsed a toolkit for renewable energy development, energy efficienc ... more
Los Angeles, CA (SPX) Jul 04, 2017
The Last Day of Net-Metering Brings Memories of Fighting for Every Solar Watt
Atlanta GA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Meniscus-assisted technique produces high efficiency perovskite PV films
Sydney (AFP) July 7, 2017
Elon Musk's Tesla to build world's largest battery in Australia
Russian gas at play in U.S.-Ukrainian diplomacy
Washington (UPI) Jul 10, 2017
Ukraine appreciates the U.S. efforts to block the expansion of a Russian natural gas pipeline running through the Baltic Sea, the country's president said. Ukrainian President Petro Poreshenko hosted U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson during the weekend, as U.S. President Donald Trump met with international leaders at a summit in Hamburg for the Group of 20 economies. Poreshen ... more
Washington (UPI) Jul 10, 2017
Oil spills disrupt entire food webs, new study shows
Washington (UPI) Jul 10, 2017
Norway's DNO financed for drilling in Kurdish region of Iraq
Washington (UPI) Jul 10, 2017
OPEC supply concerns drag oil prices lower
G20: Compromise on climate change, but at what cost?
Hamburg (AFP) July 9, 2017
G20 countries have managed to avoid a total bust-up with Donald Trump over climate change, leaving the door open for Washington to return to the Paris Agreement - but at the cost of risky concessions. After the US president decided last month to pull out of the hard-fought deal to combat global warming, climate change was always going to be centre-stage at this week's gathering of the G20 - ... more
Los Angeles CA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Scientists upgrade database tracking global temperatures across millennia
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Two significant warming intervals in southern China since 1850
Hamburg (AFP) July 6, 2017
US isolated over climate: G20 host Merkel
International team develops new way to produce pure hydrogen efficiently
Bethlehem PA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Christopher J. Kiely, Harold B. Chambers Senior Professor, Materials Science and Engineering at Lehigh University, and an international team have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO). The discovery, described in a paper in the journal Science, could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydr ... more
Plainsboro NJ (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
PPPL researchers demonstrate first hot plasma edge in a fusion facility
Raleigh NC (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Smart transformers could make reliable smart grid a reality
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly
East Lansing MI (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Could cellulosic biofuels - or liquid energy derived from grasses and wood - become a green fuel of the future, providing an environmentally sustainable way of meeting energy needs? In Science, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy-funded Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center say yes, but with a few important caveats. "The climate benefit of cellulosic biofuels is actually much grea ... more
New Brunswick NJ (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
Tempe AZ (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals
Berkeley CA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
France 'to end sales of petrol, diesel vehicles by 2040'
Paris (AFP) July 6, 2017
France will end sales of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040 as part of an ambitious plan to meet its targets under the Paris climate accord, new Ecology Minister Nicolas Hulot announced Thursday. "We are announcing an end to the sale of petrol and diesel cars by 2040," Hulot said, calling it a "veritable revolution". Hulot acknowledged that reaching the goal would be "tough", particularl ... more
Stockholm (AFP) July 5, 2017
Volvo to phase out petrol-only cars from 2019
Osnabruck, Germany (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Self-driving cars may soon be able to make moral and ethical decisions as humans do
Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) July 10, 2017
German 'dieselgate' investigators target Porsche employees
Integrated Air and Missile Defense 2017 - Sept 27-29 - Washington DC
Study offers new approach to evaluating agricultural development programs
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
As the old saying goes, teaching someone to fish is far more helpful than just giving them a fish. Now, research from WorldFish and MIT takes that adage a step further: Better yet, the study found, is working with the fishermen to help develop better fishing methods. Involving local people in figuring out how to improve their farming and fishing methods provides more lasting and widespread ... more
Paris (AFP) July 10, 2017
Warmer Arctic harms crops in US, Canada: study
Colombo, Sri Lanka (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Global use of wastewater to irrigate agriculture at least 50 percent greater than thought
Madrid (AFP) July 6, 2017
Spain hit by deadly bacteria threatening olive trees
WVU to develop software for future NASA Mars rovers, test 3-D printed foams on ISS
Morgantown WV (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
The technology developed by researchers at West Virginia University that helped them win the NASA Sample Return Robot Challenge may be headed to Mars. Majid Jaridi, professor of industrial and management systems engineering, and Yu Gu, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, have received a three-year, $750,000 grant from NASA to develop ways to increase the onboard autonomy ... more
Canberra, Australia (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
ANU invention may help to protect astronauts from radiation in space
Huntsville AL (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
6 teams share honors and money in NASA's 2nd 3-D Print a Habitat challenge
Washington (UPI) Jul 3, 2017
Northrop Grumman awarded contracts for P-8 radar systems
InterDrone 2017 Las Vegas - Sept 6-8
Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
As embedded intelligence is finding its way into ever more areas of our lives, fields ranging from autonomous driving to personalized medicine are generating huge amounts of data. But just as the flood of data is reaching massive proportions, the ability of computer chips to process it into useful information is stalling. Now, researchers at Stanford University and MIT have built a new chi ... more
Linkoping, Sweden (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
High-precision control of printed electronics
Orlando FL (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Molecular electronics scientists shatter 'impossible' record
Seoul (AFP) July 4, 2017
Samsung to invest $18 billion in memory chip business
Google's 'moonshot' factory spins off geothermal unit
Washington (AFP) July 7, 2017
Google parent Alphabet is spinning off a little-known unit working on geothermal power called Dandelion, which will begin offering residential energy services. The announcement Thursday took the wraps off one of the secretive projects at the Alphabet unit X, known notably for its work on self-driving cars and internet balloons. Dandelion chief executive Kathy Hannun said her team had bee ... more
San Diego CA (SPX) Jun 27, 2017
Fighting global warming and climate change requires a broad energy portfolio
(UPI) Jun 12, 2017
Low-carbon trajectory is the only option, European leaders say
Washington (UPI) Jun 8, 2017
Divestment streak continues for British energy company Centrica
Recruiting manganese to upgrade carbon dioxide
Onna, Japan (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is known as a greenhouse gas and plays an essential role in climate change; it is no wonder scientists have been looking for solutions to prevent its release in the environment. However, as a cheap, readily available and non-toxic carbon source, in the past few years there have been efforts to turn carbon dioxide into valuable wares, or 'value-added' products. For inst ... more
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Highly nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon microspheres for supercapacitors
Boulder CO (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Black carbon varies, but stubbornly persists, in snow and ice around the world
Washington (UPI) Jun 28, 2017
Researchers create tiny sensor using 'white graphene'
Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides
Newcastle UK (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Researchers are using satellite data to accurately map the movement of the earth before a landslide in a bid to develop a life-saving early warning system. The team from Newcastle University (UK), Chengdu University of Technology, Tongji University, China Academy of Space Technology and Wuhan University (China) have been tracking the devastating events of last week when a massive landslide ... more
Corvallis OR (SPX) Jul 07, 2017
Study finds Earth's magnetic field 'simpler than we thought'
Paris (ESA) Jul 07, 2017
See our seasons change from space
Boston MA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Computer vision techniques shed light on urban change
Nanostructures taste the rainbow
Pasadena CA (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Engineers at Caltech have for the first time developed a light detector that combines two disparate technologies - nanophotonics, which manipulates light at the nanoscale, and thermoelectrics, which translates temperature differences directly into electron voltage - to distinguish different wavelengths (colors) of light, including both visible and infrared wavelengths, at high resolution. ... more
Pittsburgh PA (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Chemists perform surgery on nanoparticles
Lund, Sweden (SPX) Jun 20, 2017
Silver atom nanoclusters could become efficient biosensors
Chicago IL (SPX) Jun 16, 2017
Superconducting nanowire memory cell, miniaturized technology
New Reaper drone variant performs first combat mission
Washington (UPI) Jun 30, 2017
The U.S. Air Force reported Thursday that its new Block 5 variant of the MQ-9 Reaper drone has performed its first combat mission against Islamist terrorists. The recent 16-hour sortie, flown June 23 in support of Operation Inherent Resolve, involved the unmanned aerial vehicle dropping a GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munitions bomb and firing two AGM-114 Hellfire missiles in support of gr ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Jun 29, 2017
Smart Quadcopters Find their Way without Human Help or GPS
Washington DC (UPI) Jun 24, 2017
Rafael unveils Drone Dome anti-drone system
Shenzhen, China (AFP) June 25, 2017
China drone king turns to farming
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Human activities worsen air quality in Dunhuang, a desert basin in China
Beijing, China (SPX) Jul 03, 2017
Dunhuang is a typical desert basin in western China, with the Qilian mountains to the south, Kumtag desert and Lop-Nur to the west, Beisai mountain to the north, and Sanwei mountain to the east. Besides, the famous Taklimakan and Tengger deserts are also located in the west and east of Dunhuang region, respectively. Dunhuang is also a world-famous scenic spot, encompassing Mogao Caves, Cre ... more
Paris (AFP) July 4, 2017
Herbicide boost for tadpoles: study
Washington (UPI) Jun 21, 2017
Scientists probe role of sunscreen in accelerating coral reef decline
West Tabir, Indonesia (AFP) June 21, 2017
Risky gold rush: Indonesia tackles illegal mining boom
Pizza bytes! Pakistan enchanted by first robot waitresses
Multan, Pakistan (AFP) July 6, 2017
Pakistan's first robot waitresses are serving up smiles for customers at an upscale pizza restaurant in the ancient city of Multan, better known for its centuries-old Sufi shrines, mango orchards and handicrafts. Rabia, Annie and Jennie greet customers and bring them their pies at Pizza.com, where owner Osama Jafari - who built the prototypes himself - says the response has been a surge of ... more
McLean, VA (SPX) Jul 10, 2017
Government Agencies Turn to Private Sector for Help Adopting Intelligent Technologies
Toyohashi, Japan (SPX) Jul 12, 2017
Human pose estimation for care robots using deep learning
Washington (UPI) Jul 3, 2017
Scientists design robot to aid visually impaired schoolchildren


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